There have been many reports about open pits that have been left by legal and illegal mining activities in the Marange diamond fields. It is no secret that open-cast mining changes geological, hydrological and geotechnical conditions. It influences the existing ecological system and landscape. Open pits are a concern as they pose real and potential threats to human and wildlife safety and health, as well as environmental damages. Rehabilitation programs usually require huge fund amounts, and as Chiadzwa youths we ought to participate in the gully reclamation programs in our community for the best interest of our environment.
1 above is an image of an open pit recently left by a mining company. Pits can
cause several health problems such as malaria (open pits contains stagnant
water), and unsafe structures that can cause unstable conditions in that area
resulting in several accidents.
1a above shows the satellite geographical location of the image on fig 1. These
pits happen to be located about 19o35’57.5 and 32o20’22.4
south and east respectively of both Chiadzwa Primary and Secondary Schools, an
estimate of about 500 meters from the schools. Children are at great danger of
falling in the pits on their way to and from school which might cause serious
injuries or rather even death at large, and as well as danger to livestock.
Children may jump into these pits to play in some of these pits which contain
water and some may contain some chemicals harmful to humans as well as
livestock. These chemicals can also cause diseases such as bilharzia and skin
diseases to children.
unrehabilitated mining pits containing stagnant water bodies as is on the
images shown above and other mining related activities are known to promote the
proliferation of the female anopheles’ mosquitoes responsible for most of the malaria
cases. Therefore, the residents of Chiadzwa community are at higher risk of
being exposed to malaria, and it’s a result of mining in the area.
some of the pit holes (as shown in the images below) are as a result of
artisanal miners coming from all over the country. Tight law enforcement should
be practiced reducing illegal mining activities for the safety of dwellers of
Chiadzwa community, especially children and the environment at large.