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Main Session

The Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA), Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD) and Zimbabwe Council of Churches (ZCC) hosted the Zimbabwe Alternative Mining Indaba (ZAMI) on the 4th-5th October 2017 at the Holiday Inn in Bulawayo under the theme “Promoting Responsible and Accountable Governance of Minerals.”


The ZAMI has been convened in the country since 2012. The Indaba is defined as an alternative platform for increased participation of often excluded but equally important stakeholders such as host communities. Over the years, the Indaba has become the biggest platform where multiple stakeholders interface with policy makers and the private sector on sustainable utilization and management of the country’s diverse mineral wealth. The 2017 ZAMI will enable multiple stakeholders to openly discuss and understand better the opportunities and challenges underpinning good and accountable governance of the mining sector. The idea behind the ZAMI is to promote stakeholder engagement on the mineral governance discourse. The platform plays a critical role in shaping legal and policy frameworks regulating the sector in the country for purposes of attaining broad based sustainable development. The ZAMI has grown to be deemed as one of the most influential public interest multi-stakeholder annual national meeting facilitating open public dialogue on mineral resource governance.


The specific objectives of the 2017 ZAMI were:
• To discuss the on-going policy and legal developments in the mining sector as well as shape critical aspirations of communities and the public.
• To provide an alternative space for stakeholders to openly engage and discuss some of the opportunities and challenges affecting broad based socio-economic development from Zimbabwe’s mineral wealth.
• To come up with legal and policy recommendations for improving mineral resources governance for better service delivery.

Expected Outcomes

• Multiple-stakeholders contributing in the on-going legal reforms and ensuring good governance provisions of the mining sector and other related sectors.
• Open discussions on a broad range of issues central from citizens’ perspective on the attendant opportunities and challenges posed by the mining sector.
• Learning, sharing and networking amongst various stakeholders on the work being done by different institutions to advance sustainable development in the mining sector.
• Stakeholders engaging with parliament and government officials to understand government policies in and related to the sector and sharing ideas on improving good governance of the sector.


Impact of BRICS Trade and Investment: Environmental, Economic, Social and Cultural Dimensions

Leonard Mandishara | The Acting Executive Director of NANGO

Role of NHRIs in Advancing Business and Human Rights

Dr. M. Makonese | Executive Secretary/ZHRC

Resolving mining and agriculture land disputes in Zimbabwe

Dr A J Masuka | Chies Executive Officer Zimbabwe Agricultural Society

Matching BRICS Investments Activities With Zimbabwe’S Needs

Z. Nhamburo | Investor Services Officer

KEY NOTE ADDRESS :The Africa Mining Vision (AMV) as a Broad-Based Framework for Good and Accountable Mineral Resource Governance

Vanessa Ushie | Advisor, Mineral Sector Governance African Minerals Development Centre UNECA

Key Points from Side Events

Gender and Extractives: Women’s Bodies, Violence and Extractivism

1. There is need to have a research or investigation into systematic violence against women in the mining sector.
2. Legal reforms needed on the Gold Trade Act, the Mines and Minerals Act, Precious Stones Trade Act, to enhance women’s participation in the mining sector.
3. Women tend to interface with many sectors of the economy which include the environment, mining and these need to be looked at comprehensively in order to address the challenges
affecting them.

Tax Justice, Illicit Financial Flows and Use of Open Data to Promote Transparency and Accountability

1. Need for legal reforms to address taxation issues in the mining sector.
2. There is need to build knowledge and create data to enable citizens to effectively engage and understand fiscal issues in the mining sector.
3. There is need to establish a tax justice network in Zimbabwe and this can be housed at Zimra.

Towards Climate Justice in Zimbabwe

1. There is need for standards on quality of renewable energy in Zimbabwe.
2. There is need to strengthen institutions that deal with the environment.
3. Mining companies should provide energy access to communities.
4. There is need for a coordinated approach on quality control of renewable energy products.

ASM Ease of Doing Business Reforms: Exploring Opportunities to Empower Communities

1. RBZ should revert back to assisting miners by directly purchasing the inputs, given the liquidity constraints in the economy.
2. ASM should be formalized and the bureaucratic process should be cut down to speed up the process.
3. Very few people benefitted from the loan facility from Fidelity Printers, so the target group needs to be expanded.

Business and Human Rights: Brics Investments

1. The Commission on Human Rights should have enforcement rights if it is to effectively conduct its mandate.
2. Brics investment into the country should be premised on a win-win situation.
3. There is need to pay urgent attention to violence of basic human rights.
4. Brics investment should create employment especially in the extractives industry.

Investing in Local Communities: Integration of Community Benefit Schemes

1. Legal framework need to be reviewed so that investment embarked upon by the government are clear, whether they are joint venture agreements and so on.
2. The Mines and Minerals Amendment bill should emphasise on local content development.
3. There is need to focus on capacity development for CSOTs and communities especially in shaping their objectives.
4. There is need for public office bearers to declare their interests in order to avoid conflict of interest.

Competing Land Use in Zimbabwe: Mining, Agriculture and Tourism

1. There is need for policy reforms on mining sector and relocation of communities affected by mining operations.
2. There is need for broad-based empowerment of communities endowed with natural resources.
3. There is need for an inter-ministerial committee to deal with conflicts between agriculture and mining.
4. There is need for a balance and sustainable exploitation of all natural resources.

Natural Resources, Governance and Development

1. All people are equal in relation to the use and enjoyment of natural resources.
2. One resource should not be destroyed at the expense of another resource.
3. All community members should be given power to prosecute offenders in the exploitation of natural resources