Compiled by Eunica Pabwaungana
Shurugwi Community Development Trust ( SCDT )
from four districts in Zimbabwe gathered for an inspiring workshop on data
journalism academy at Forest hills in Vumba, Mutare. The workshop was hosted by
the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA) from the 6th-8th
of November 2019. Participants were drawn from Health Centre Committees (HCC),
School Development Committees ( SDC),Data Extractors , Paralegals, Community
Based Organizations ( CBOs ) , Councilors and Chief Executive Officers( CEOs ).
Mr Mukasiri Sibanda (ZELA Economic Governance Officer) indicated the importance
of data extraction, how to extract data
from different sectors and sources in the mining sector. He highlighted
that data is not adequate without extraction, processing or packaging.
Processed data needs to be disseminated to the citizens so that everyone is
aware of the benefits from natural resources like minerals.
should be extracted from reliable sources. The Government, State owned entities
and organizations for instance the Central government, Local government, Environmental
management Agency, Traditional Leaders and Health Centre Committees.
Data Is Extracted from The Local Government
should know about local, economic and social developments in their Rural District
Councils (RDC) because they are the owners and custodians of mineral wealth extracted by mining companies.
Data extracted from the rural district councils should include tax collected by
the RDC and how it is distributed between development projects and how it is utilized
in the running of the council programs. Community participation on short, medium-
and long-term budgets should also be clearly
highlighted in data extraction.
Data Is Extracted from Mining Companies
have a right to know about mining
contracts, realization of Environmental Impact Assessment( EIA) and Unit tax
agreements to name but a few. Citizens should also take participatory roles during
meetings with the mining companies.
extracted from the mining company should include the following :
recruitment in mining company
much they pay and when they should pay
agreements between mining company and the government
Why Data Is Extracted from The
should be aware of agreements on Community Share Ownership Trust (CSOT),developments
in terms of infrastructure as well as sustainable projects and how they can participate
during the development planning process and the implementation of the
Data Is Extracted from Environmental Management Agency (EMA)
should be privy of the local companies Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA)
document and this entails participating during EIA consultations, assist in the
monitoring of the EIA provisions and agreements.
Data Extracted from The Central Government
would like to know about the national budget. Tax and royalties paid by mining
companies to the government. The community share and distribution of funds
mechanism used by the central government. Central government should publish
public funds expenditure in a transparent manner.
Why Data Is Extracted from SDC And School Heads
need to know about the school budget, number of students and how they utilize
the fees. There has to be transparency
on income acquired from donors, or Non-Governmental Organization. The
distribution of the income, how it is shared and used in line with provision of
safe water, sanitation for the children and how these resources are used to enhance
service delivery at schools.
Data Is Extracted from The HCC And Clinic Stuff
community needs to know the number of health providers , drugs availability
,ambulance , diseases affecting the community. Health service delivery status
of the clinics, number of staff they have, sanitary equipment, health
Data Is Extracted
is extracted through interview discussions ( recording ) , audios , videos cameras and writing.
of data extraction
promote transparency and accountability
promote the rule of law
will then make organised action to highlight on critical issues and influence
other people for change on a certain targeted law or policy
Faced in Trying to Extract Data
Stakeholders do not want to disclose their information especially mining
moved in trying to extract data
extractor can be given false information normally on the types of minerals ,
quantity and marketing of products.
of Sharing Data
person during meetings and community gathering.
social media i.e. WhatsApp , Twitter , Blog , Face book , Instagram, text mages
To Write A Report By Refias Sithole
data extractor by the name Refias Sithole gave a brief on how to write a report.
He mentioned that a report is written within few days after the incident. It is
important for a data extractor to keep some records for future use or evident .
A report includes where , why , what , when who and how which are the four Ws. Rephias highlighted on the structure of a report saying ,
a report needs a suitable topic
which motivate the reader. It has got three stages which are : the topic , the
main body and the conclusion , it is of
great importance if the writer gave the
theme of the story lastly to avoid
confusion because the three steps should link to each other