Compiled by Eunica Pabwaungana of Shurugwi Community Development Trust (SCDT)
Unki is a well-known
mining company in Zimbabwe which legally extracts platinum and other group of metals.
The mine is located in Shurugwi district and ward 19 is the host community.
Apart from Unki mine in Shurugwi, there are also Small-Scale Miners (SSM) and Artisanal Small-Scale
Miners (ASSM) who are highly contributing to the country ‘s economy
by extracting gold and chrome ores. Mineral resources bring developments
not only in Shurugwi District but nationwide. As mining activities are
undertaken there can be disease outbreaks within the community and the best
solution of preventing the outbreak will be joining hands with stakeholders in different sectors.
On Thursday ,26
August 2021 local Village Health workers, Unki Social performance manager Mrs
Mawimba and her delegation sat down at Unki sport ground to discuss on how they
are going to curb diseases. Their aim was to preserve life by preventing the
situation from becoming worse. The Environmental Health Technician (EHT) was
also part of the team.
introductions Mrs Mawimba asked VHWs to explain their role in
the community and the following points came to light.
1. To provide
health education within the community and at all gatherings if time allows.
the Community and Health providers by reporting any problem relating to health
pregnant mothers to make early maternity bookings.
patients on drug adherence, prevention and control of communicable diseases and
identification of those at risk ( eg) , women and child headed families , orphans , those on chronic
conditions , chidren under malnourished etc.
minor ailments, assessing the community and growth monitoring on children under
five years of age.
the community to comply to World Health Organisation (WHO) Covid 19 regulations
especially in this Covid_19 era and follow up positive patients.
data,keeping registers and records while maintaining
expressed gratitude on the role undertaken by VHWs in the community .
statistics from the local clinic staff Mr’s Mawimba highlighted the diseases
according to their frequence order as ;
1, Covid _19 _
__boys from four to twenty yrs of age
__ both sex
Transimitted diseases __ both sex
__Children under five yrs
No history of
HIV/ AIDS infected babies
causes of diseases and preventive measures
1, Covid _19
mainly caused by mixing of community with those from different working places
like mines and can be prevented by removing work clothes outside the house
before contacting family members. Also, everyone to follow all health
commonly caused by swimming or playing in stagnant waters can be prevented encouraging young children not to swim or play
in stagnant waters and visiting the clinic for treatment when infected.
mostly results from improper disposal of dirty and lack of toilets in some households,
drinking from unprotected water sources and taking of cold foods. Diarrhoea can
be prevented by drinking from protected water sources, taking food while still
hot and proper disposal of waste.
/ BP mostly caused by poverty, Gender based violence,
Overworking and lack of exercises. Hypertension can be reduced by having self-sustaining
projects, support groups for counselling, exercise to control overweight and
should minimise overstraining work.
is often caused by dusty environments, untidy rooms and poor ventilation. TB
can be prevented by good ventilation and avoiding dusty environments.
6, STIs are
usually by multiple partners and can be prevented by use of protectives during
sex, abstinence and sticking to one faithful partner. STIs should be treated
during early stages.
results from carelessness in childcare
of warm clothes and exposure to cold.
warm clothes and avoiding cold foods can prevent both pneumonia and
Unki mine to work
together with VHWs in the health sector to reduce diseases.